What is the bone transplant?
Bone transplant is a surgical process that uses transplanted bones to repair and reconcile sick or damaged bones.A bone graft is an option to repair bones almost anywhere in the body.To carry out the transplant.Little also uses bone tissue that was donated by corpses.to carry out bone transplants.
Most of your skeleton consists of the bone matrix.This is the hard material that gives the bone its resistance.In the matrix there are live bone cells.This matrix.The cells in this matrix can repair and heal if necessary.
If you break the bone, the healing process begins.The break in your bone is not too large, your bone cells can repair it.However, a fracture leads to a great bone loss as if a large piece of bone crumbles.The bones may not be completely without a bone graft.
During a bone transplant, its surgeon uses a new piece of bone to the place where a bone has to heal or connect.The cells in the new bone can be sealed in the old bones.
Surgeons often perform bone transplant as part of another medical procedure.If you have a bad rest of your thigh bullet, for example, your health service provider can carry out a bone graft as part of other necessary repairs in your bone.Remove the piece of your hip bone, carrying out your graft with this.
In some cases, an artificial material is used in a similar way, but this is not a bone graft in the traditional sense.Usually, they fall asleep with general anesthesia for the process.
Why could bone transplant need?
You may need a bone transplant to promote cure and bone growth for several medical reasons.
- An initial fracture that suspects that your health service provider will not be cured without an graft
- A fracture that had not previously treated with an graft and that did not heal well
- Bone diseases such as osteonecrosis or cancer
- Spinal fusion operation (which may need if you have an unstable column)
- Dental implant surgery (which you may need if you want to replace missing teeth)
- Surgically implanted devices, as in a total knee replacement, to promote bone growth to the structure
These bone transplants can offer a framework for the growth of new and living bones.The hips, knees and column are common places for bone transplantation, but they may need a bone transplant for another bone in your body.
Talk to your health service provider on whether you want to wear a donor bone or a bone from another place in your body.Not if wear donated bones, but donated bones have their own risks.Talk to your health service provider about what makes sense for you.
What are the risks of bone transplantation?
Bone transplant is generally safe, but it has some rare risks.
- Blood clot
- Nerve damage
- Anesthesia complications
- Donated bone infection (very rare)
There is also a risk that your bones will not heal well with your bone graft.Many of their specific risks vary according to the reason for their bone graft.If your bone graft may not be so likely to hear if you have smoking or diabetes.Talk to your health service provider about all your concerns, including the risks that are most applied to you.
How do I prepare for bone transplantation?
Talk to your health service provider on how to prepare for your bone transplant operation.Ask if you should stop taking medications such as anticoagulants in advance.Share your health service provider on all the medications you take, including medications from all counters.Like aspirin.
Before your procedure, you may need additional image tests such as X -rays, computerized tomography or magnetic resonance (MRI).
Depending on reason, it is possible that you should take additional precautions depending on your bone transplant.If you cannot put your leg on your leg after your operation, you may have to reorganize your living conditions.
Do not eat or drink after midnight the night before your intervention or not drink.
What happens during bone transplantation?
The details of his surgery of his bone transplant vary according to the reason for his operation.Ask your health service provider about the details of your special operation.An orthopedic surgeon carries out its procedure, which is supported by a team of relatives of health professions..You can expect an example:
- You will receive anesthesia to make sure you feel any pain or symptoms during the procedure.
- Someone will carefully monitor their vital functions, such as their heart rate and blood pressure during operation.
- After cleaning the affected area, his surgeon conducts a cut through the skin and muscles that surround the bone that the bone graft receives.
- In some cases, his surgeon also makes a different cut to harvest his bone graft.This can come from your hip bone, leg bones or ribs.With special tools, your surgeon eliminates a small part of the bone.
- His surgeon uses bone graft between the 2 bone parts that have to grow together.In some cases, your health service provider can ensure bone graft with special screws.
- Your surgeon will carry out other necessary repairs.
- The leather layers and muscles around their treated bones become surgical and, if necessary, their bones were harvested.
What happens after a bone transplant?
Talk to your health service provider about what you can expect after your operation.It may have pain after your intervention, but analgesics can help relieve pain.Get images like an X line to make sure your operation was successful.Depending on the reach of your injury and other diseases, you may be able to go home on the same day.
Your health service provider gives detailed instructions on how you can move the area that bone grafts have received.To put weight in the area.You may need physiotherapy to restore the strength and flexibility of your muscles.
You may have to take medications for a while after your operation to prevent blood clots (an "anticoagulant" "). Rats take a diet with high calcium and vitamin D if your cure bone. If you smoke, your supplier ofHealth services can also advise you to stop smoking, as this can affect bone healing.
It may have a liquid that is emptied by its incision.This is normal.But it will immediately inform your health service provider if the drain is serious.Leave your health service provider if your wound has increased redness or swelling pain, loss of emotion or high fever or chills.
Keep all your tracking appointments.Anyway, your stitches or bets must be eliminated a week after your operation.Health service providers carefully to have the best opportunity for complete recovery.
Before accepting the test or procedure, be sure to know:
- The name of the test or procedure
- The reason why the proof or procedure has
- What is waiting and what do they mean?
- The risks and advantages of the test or procedure
- What are the possible side effects or complications
- When and where should the test or procedure have
- Who will carry out the test or procedure and what qualifications this person is
- What would happen if you did not have the test or the procedure?
- All the alternative tests or procedures that you should think
- When and how do you get the results?
- Who calls after the proof or the procedure if you have any questions or problem?
- How much do you have to pay for the test or the procedure?